Chengdu is the capital of southwestern China's Sichuan province. Chengdu's history dates back to at least the 4th century B.C. when it served as the capital for the Shu Kingdom. Artefacts from that dynasty are the focus of the Jinsha Site Museum. The city is also home to the famous Chengdu Research Base of Giant Panda Breeding, a conservation centre where visitors can view endangered giant pandas in a natural habitat.
Chengdu Shuangliu International Airport is the major international airport serving Chengdu, the capital of Sichuan province, China. Located about 16 kilometres southwest of downtown Chengdu to the north of Shuangliu District, Shuangliu airport is an important aviation hub for Western China.
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The weather in the mountainous region can be icy cold, but clear, like Tibet, which contrasts almost diametrically with the neighbouring mild, humid and often overcast or outright foggy weather of the Chengdu Plain to the east that characterizes the city of Chengdu, sometimes likened to the city of London as regards the fog and the drizzly weather. Chengdu gets about 250 to 300 foggy, cloudy or rainy days each year. The best periods to visit Chengdu are from March to June, and September to November.There is substantial rainfall during the rainy season (July and August). Spring is from March to May. The weather warms up from winter, but with frequent alternative temperature changes. Prepare shirts, thin sweaters and coat for the weather. Summer is from June to September. The weather is sultry with lower temperatures in early morning and evening, but hot during the day. July and August are the hottest months in Chengdu, with average lows and highs of 22 °C (70 °F) and 30 °C (85 °F). Half of the annual rainfall is concentrated in July and August (and 75% between June and September). Mt. Qingcheng and Mt. Emei is ideal places to escape the summer heat. Prepare summer clothes and umbrella. Summer is also the season when giant pandas are most active. Autumn is from October to November. This is one of the best times of the year to visit Chengdu. The autumn scenes at Jiuzhaigouand Huanglong are among the most beautiful in China. This is a season with sharp and frequent temperature changes. A few chilly days could be followed by relatively hot weather. The average low and high temperatures are respectively 15 °C (59 °F) and 21 °C (70 °F) in October, and 9 °C (50 °F) and 16 °C (61 °F) in November. Prepare a shirt, sweater and jacket to cope with the weather. Winter is from December to February. Chengdu has the least days of sunshine in China, and most time of the year is cloudy and overcast. Winter is usually cold, damp and grey, with little rainfall. The average low and high temperatures are around 2–10°C (36–49°F) from December to February. Prepare sweater and down jacket for winter.
1. Chengdu Research Base of Giant Panda Breeding - Chengdu Research Base of Giant Panda Breeding, or simply Chengdu Panda Base, is a non-profit research and breeding facility for giant pandas and other rare animals. It is located in Chengdu, Sichuan, China. Chengdu Panda Base was founded in 1987. It started with six giant pandas that were rescued from the wild. By 2008, it had 124 panda births, and the captive panda population has grown to 83. Its stated goal is to ""be a world-class research facility, conservation education centre, and international educational tourism destination. Chengdu Panda Base has partnered with many organisations in improving ways to conserve giant pandas. For example, its partnership with Zoo Atlanta helped the zoo secure the loan of 2 giant pandas. To date, these two giant pandas, Yang Yang and Lun Lun, have produced five off-spring: Mei Lan in 2006, Xi Lan in 2008, Po born on November 3, 2010, and Mei Lun and Mei Huan in 2013.
2. Mount Qingcheng - Mount Qingcheng is a mountain in Dujiangyan, Sichuan, China. It is considered one of the birthplaces of Taoism (Daoism) and one of the most important Taoist centres in China. In Taoist mythology, it was the site of the Yellow Emperor's studies with Ning Fengzi. As a centre of the Taoist religion, it became host to many temples. The mountain has 36 peaks. It is home to Dujiangyan Giant Panda Center and is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Mount Qingcheng was affected by the Wenchuan Earthquake in 2008.
3. Du Fu Thatched Cottage - Du Fu Thatched Cottage is a 24-acre (97,000 m2) park and museum in honour of the Tang dynasty poet Du Fu at the western outskirts of Chengdu, adjacent to the Huanhua Xi (Flower Rinsing Creek). In 1961 the Chinese government established Du Fu Thatched Cottage as a National Heritage site. In 759 Du Fu moved to Chengdu, built a thatched hut near the Flower Rinsing Creek and lived there for four years. The ""thatched hut"" period was the peak of Du Fu's creativity, during which he wrote two hundred and forty poems, among them ""My Thatched Hut was torn apart by Autumn Wind"" and ""The Prime Minister of Shu"". Du Fu Thatched Cottage is now a popular destination for Du Fu enthusiasts around the world to pay tribute to the poet.