Moscow is famous for its Red Square which is the central square of the city as well as its nearby attractions such as the Kremlin and St Basil’s Cathedral. Moscow is the capital of Russia, which is also its most populous city, holding the record for being the northernmost and coldest megacity on the planet. It is the biggest city in the continent of Europe, being much larger than European countries like Norway and Switzerland themselves. Regarded as a major political, economic, cultural, and scientific center of Russia and Eastern Europe, Moscow is ranked the ninth most expensive city in the world by Mercer, one of the largest urban economies and an alpha global city according to Globalization and World Cities Research Network, as well as being the fastest growing tourist destinations in the world according to MasterCard Global Destination Cities Index.
1. Sheremetyevo International Airport
Sheremetyevo International Airport is one of the major airports serving Moscow alongside Moscow Domodedovo Airport and Vnukovo International Airport. Among the three, it is the busiest in the Russian Federation. Sheremetyevo International Airport is located in Khimki, Moscow Oblast, being 29 kilometres northwest of central Moscow. In 2018, the Sheremetyevo International Airport was ranked as the most punctual airport by the Official Aviation Guide with 87% on-time performance. The airport has three North Terminals, namely Terminal A, B and C, as well as three South Terminals, which is the Terminal D, E and F. Sheremetyevo International Airport is the hub for Aeroflot, Nordwind Airlines, Royal Flight and Ural Airlines.
2. Moscow Domodedovo Airport
Named after the town of Domodedovo which is where the airport is located, it is one the three main airports serving Moscow, is situated 42 kilometres south-southeast from the central Moscow. It is the main hub for Red Wings Airlines, S7 Airlines and Ural Airlines while being the main focus city for IrAero, Nordavia, NordStar and Yamal Airlines. The airport has one terminal building with separate concourses for domestic and international flights as well as duty-free shops, hotel and lounge facilities. As if 2016, it is the second-busiest airport serving Moscow after Sheremetyevo International Airport.
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The best time to visit Moscow is usually around May to October in which around this time, temperatures are much warmer and much clearer, making it a very good time to stroll around the city and enjoy viewing its attractions. However expect more crowd, as well as the flight and hotel prices, to rise around these periods. Typically, the month of March would see a lower amount of tourists in Moscow. Therefore, flight and hotel prices tend to be lower around this period. If you do not mind, then you can save a lot by going to Moscow in March.
Moscow is said to have a humid continental climate according to the Köppen classification which implies long, cold winters which usually occur from November to March. During these months, snow is typically present too. The warm months are in June, July and August which contributed a lot to the hours of sunshine in Moscow. The highest recorded temperature is at 39 degree Celsius in 2010 while the lowest recorded temperature is at -42.1 degree Celsius in 1940.
Being the centre of Russian culture, one can certainly look forward to participating in festivals and events in Moscow just like the locals do. To begin with, there is the Russian Orthodox Christmas, Tatyana’s Day and International Festival of Snow and Ice Sculpture in January. In February, there is the Maslenitsa Festival while Easter is observed around March and April as well as the Golden Mask Theatre Festival. White Nights’ Festival is observed from May to July, as well as the whole lot other events like Victory Day, Taste of Moscow, Ivan Kupala Night and many more.
1. Basil’s Cathedral – Officially known as the Cathedral of Vasily the Blessed, St. Basil’s Cathedral is one of the most famed symbols of Russia, built from 1555 to 1561 by the orders of Ivan the Terrible to mark the capture of Kazan and Astrakhan. It is now a museum, being part of the State Historical Museum since its complete secularisation in 1929.
2. Red Square – A central square in Moscow, the Red Square separates Kremlin from the Kitai-gorod which is a historic merchant quarter. Most major streets connecting to the highway would originate from this particular square. It has a rich history that can be traced up to the 18th century; these are now reflected in paintings by Vasily Surikov, Konstantin Yuon and others.
3. The Moscow Kremlin – Moscow Kremlin is a fortified complex overlooking the Moskva River that is found in the centre of Moscow. Since its completion in 1482, it has been the residence of the rulers of Moscow, from the Tsardom till the present day President of the Russian Federation. With kremlins, palaces, cathedrals and the Kremlin Wall, it is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.