Taiping is a town located in Larut, Matang, being placed under the district of Selama, state of Perak, Malaysia. It is located 48 kilometres north from the state capital, Ipoh and 78 kilometres south from George Town, Penang. It is the second biggest town in the state after Ipoh. From the historical point of view, Taiping was once known as Klian Pauh, with “klian” meaning mine and “pauh” referring to the small mango variation. It became the state capital from 1876 to 1937, in place of Kuala Kangsar. Back then, the town is opened due to the discovery of tin and the rise of tin mining, which is largely credited to Long Jaafar. The industry attracted a large number of settlers, especially among the Chinese ethnicity. Later on, feuds occurred among the different groups of Chinese immigrants before British assumed control of the town and intervened in the feud. The status of state capital is then taken by Ipoh because of this factor. Moving forward, the town's mining industry continued to thrive with the country's first railway was built to transport tin from Taiping to Port Weld (now known as Kuala Sepetang) at the coast for exporting purposes. After that, the growth has rather slowed down in this area, especially with the decline of the tin mining industry. Nonetheless the recent years have seen a tremendous development ongoing in Taiping. Another major trivia for Taiping is that it is the wettest area in the Peninsular Malaysia, with the average annual rainfall is about 4000 mm in Taiping in comparison to the national average of 2000 to 2500 mm. Due to this factor, the collection of flora in the Taiping Lake Gardens is ever fertile, so does the century-old rain trees that can be found here.
People driving from Kuala Lumpur may drive via North-South Highway/E1 for immediate access to the township of Taiping. The journey could take up to three hours depending on the current traffic situation.
From Kuala Lumpur International Airport, visitors can catch the Express Rail Link (ERL) train which goes to KL Sentral/Bandar Tasik Putrajaya/Cyberjaya/Salak Tinggi/KLIA route. There, one can board the Electric Train Services (ETS) northbound coach and stop by the Taiping station.
The Taiping express bus terminal is located at Jalan Masjid. Take the direct trip from Terminal Bersepadu Selatan (TBS) terminal using express bus services such as Transnasional Express and Konsortium Bas Express.
Taiping Lake Garden is the first public garden that was established during the British rule in Peninsular Malaysia. The garden is located near Bukit Larut and is in equal distances to the town center and the Taiping Zoo. Originally a mining ground, it got converted as a public garden in 1880 as a brainchild of Colonel Robert Sandilands Frowd Walker. Covering 64 hectares of site, the garden has been well-maintained since its opening with ten scenic ponds and lakes that become the highlight of the garden.
Taiping Zoo is a zoological park located in Bukit Larut, Taiping. Established in 1961, the zoo is the oldest of its kind in the country. Being a major zoo in Malaysia, its site covers 34 acres with a display of almost 1300 animals representing 180 species of amphibians, mammals, and reptiles with an offering of a night safari. It is also the only zoo in the North Malaysia; as such, it received a lot of visitors especially during the weekends.
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