Sarawak, also known as “The Land of Hornbills” is a state in Malaysia that is located northwest on the island of Borneo. In the beginning, Sarawak was ruled by the Brunei Empire up till the arrival of James Brooke, a British in the early 19th Century. He helped in stopping an uprising that was organized by the natives against Brunei, and thanks to that, he was awarded with the title of Sarawak’s Rajah in return. Establishing a dynasty of “White Rajah’s”, Brooke has his descendants ruled Sarawak till the Japanese came and took over in 1945. After that Sarawak was passed on the British Authorities up till the time it became a part of Malaysia in 1962. Up to this very day, primeval forces and tribal traditions still runs in all parts of Sarawak as it is home to 27 ethnic groups that has its own language and culture.
Some of the famous places in Sarawak that must be seen includes –
From its traditional culture to its national parks even even its mouth-watering food, here are some of the things that are famous in Sarawak.
Umai is the Sarawak’s version of Sashimi. It is a famous dish in the Melanau community, originally an easy food done for the fishermen when they are out on their fishing trips. Umai is thinly sliced raw fish marinated with 'assam paya', a very sour fruit of a wild palm, onions, chillies, and a pinch of salt - a very simple recipe that could be prepared with the minimum of fuss.
The top Music Festival in Sarawak that brings people from all over the world is The Rainforest World Music Festival. This is a unique festival where renowned world musicians from all over the continents and indigenous musicians from the interiors come together on the same stage in this mythical island. This three-days event is broken down to 2 parts where in the afternoon informative workshops are held and as the evening comes, the performance on the main stage takes place. Taking place in the midst of the lush greenery of the Culture Village, this is a event not to be missed.
Kuching is the State capital of Sarawak and is described as one of the most attractive cities in Southeast Asia. You would be able to find a mix of modern architecture and old-world charm in this historical state. Kuching is known to be the highest populated city in the entire Sarawak in Malaysia. While the Brunei was in administration, Kuching was the third capital. Only after Kuching was handed over to James Brooke, it became the capital of Sarawak. While Charles Brooke was the ruler, the city kept flourishing. It saw some major development like construction of hospitals, schools, lavatories, prison and souks. World War II made Kuching a part of the Japanese province post Japanese invasion. However, the town was not damaged even after the war. Kuching carries the meaning of ‘cat’ in Malay and one of the most interesting way it acquired its name (out of the many) was when Brooke pointed towards the settlement across the river and wanted to know what it was called. The person answered mistakenly thought that he was pointing at a passing cat and voila, that was how Kuching got its name.
By Plane - Kuching International Airport (KCH) is the main gate to get to Sarawak. There are frequent flights to Singapore as well as to other destinations in Malaysia, such as Johor Bahru, Kota Kinabalu, Labuan, and local Sarawak cities, such as Miri, Sibu, and Bintulu.
By Bus - Buses going to and from other areas in Kuching are now originated from Kuching Sentral Terminal, which is approximately one kilometer from the airport. Here are several buses from other areas coming to and from Kuching: