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India is a country in South Asia that occupies a great size of it. It has an estimated population of more than 1.2 billion people and it is the second-most populous country in the world. The population in India is said to be one-sixth of the world’s total population. India consists of 29 states and each of these states that a significant degree of control over its own affair. The capital city of India is New Delhi, a city that is located on the west bank of the Yamuna River and in the north-central part of the country. New Delhi is not the same as Delhi city. Delhi city is the Old Delhi. Both New Delhi and Delhi city are located within the Delhi national capital territory; a district that surrounds the capital city.
Historically, the subcontinent of India which is the Southern region and the peninsula of Asia was the home for the Indus Valley Civilization, dated back in the third millennium BC. From that period onwards, the civilization has functioned as a self-contained political and cultural arena. This produced a distinct tradition that is primarily associated with Hinduism. The place also became the place where the oldest Hinduism scriptures being composed. Apart from that, there are other religions that is said to be originated from India; the Buddhism and Jainism. Throughout the centuries, this area developed such a rich intellectual life in various fields ranging from Mathematics, to Astronomy to literature and music among others.
The arrival of Islam started in the 8th Century AD from the northwest of the peninsula. These people, the Arabs, Turkish, Persians and other raiders came and some even settled down in India. As of the 13th Century, most of the India subcontinent was under Muslim rule and the population of the believers increase gradually. The influences of the European started during the late 15th century with the arrival of a Portuguese navigator by the name of Vasco da Gama and this had established the supremacy of the European maritime. This opened the region to the European influences and eventually causing a decline in the ruling by the Muslim elite, followed by the colonization of the area by the British Empire.
The British ruling had affected the subcontinent that it was separated into two countries in 1947 when the ruling ended; India with the majority of the population being Hindus and Pakistan with the majority of Muslims. India adopted many of the British institutions such as the parliamentary system, the English language is still being used as lingua franca and the country still remain within the Commonwealth.
India remains as one of the most ethnically diverse countries in the world as it has innumerable tribes and castes throughout the country. The languages in the country also do not limit to only English and Hindi, but there are also more than hundreds of languages being practised there, coming from different languages families. This is due to the complex history and the geography of the region that form complex language families. Not only limited to the tribes and languages, but there are also a number of religions being practised in India as the subcontinent is the birthplace of five big religions; Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism and Sikhism. There is no official religion of the country as India secular state. The people in India is free to whichever religion they want to. Hinduism has the biggest number of a believer in the country, almost 80% of the population and this is followed by Islam and Christianity as the second and third largest religions in India.
The historical culture in India spans more than 4500 years. The earliest literature in India is composed some 1700 BCE and it is written in the Sanskrit language. These prominent literature include the epics such as the Mahabharata and the Ramayana. The Indian cuisines are also as diverse as everything else is in the country. The cuisines are made up of a wide variety of regional and traditional dishes. The food is heavily influenced by the religion particularly Hindu. The dishes also depends on the locally available vegetables, spices, fruits and herbs. In some part of the country, the dishes are influenced by the location. Each part of India has their own type of dishes that make them unique.
Travelling to India from Malaysia is easy. A flight ticket from Kuala Lumpur International Airport to Indira Gandhi International Airport in New Delhi starts from as low as MYR450 for a one-way trip. A Malaysian passport holder will need to get a tourist visa before travelling to India. The application may be made at the Indian Visa Application Center in Malaysia or online. For a tourist visa, with multiple entries within the six months will cost about MYR162. The process of application usually takes three days if all documents presented at the centre is filled correctly.
The flight will take about five hours and thirty minutes to complete.
The Indira Gandhi International Airport is located in the city, just twenty minutes to reach the town centre. The Delhi Gurgaon Expressway connects the airport to the city centre. There are buses that shuttle passengers between the airport and the city. There are also metered taxis available at terminals of the airports that will bring passengers to all areas of Delhi. Passengers may also use the railway system to get to the city.
Taj Mahal is easily known as one of India’s most famous architecture. The iconic ivory-white marble dome mausoleum is located on the south bank of the Yamuna river in the city of Agra. It was built in 1632, commissioned by the Mughal emperor, Shah Jahan. The Taj Mahal is built to house the tomb of his wife, Mumtaz Mahal that died during childbirth. The construction took twenty years to complete. The Taj Mahal incorporates the designs of the Persian and the earlier Mughal architecture. The Taj Mahal is three hours away from New Delhi and one must not miss the opportunity to visit one of the seven wonders of the modern world.
Basilica of Bom Jesus is a church that is located in Old Goa, India that was the capital of Goa during the early days of Portuguese rules. Basilica of Bom Jesus is one of the UNESCO World Heritage Site. It is one of the oldest church in India and it is the best example of baroque architecture. This church is important in the history of Christianity as it contains the body of St. Francis Xavier, the Apostle of the Indies. St. Francis Xavier had played an important part in spreading Christianity in parts of Asia, especially the subcontinent of Asia. The Basilica of Bom Jesus is open to the public every day. It is in the southwest part of the country.
This is a four-tiered waterfall that is located on the Mandovi River in Goa. The Dudhsagar Falls is 310 metres tall, making it one of the tallest waterfalls in the country. It is a popular destination, thanks to the beautiful view surrounding the waterfalls. Though the access to the falls is difficult, this has never stopped people from coming here. Trekking to the Dudhsagar falls bottom is the only access to the waterfalls after the Dudhsagar railway trek closed to the public.
The Royal Plaza hotel is located in New Delhi is a great place to stay while travelling in India. The hotel is located strategically located in the middle of New Delhi city centre. There are a good number of attractions nearby such as the National Museum. The rate for a room at the Royal Plaza hotel starts from as low as MYR329 a night and this price includes the breakfast service. The hotel is also complete with varieties of facilities such as a business centre, gym and swimming pool and a spa. The hotel also has an airport shuttle service with surcharge.
Another hotel located in the middle of New Delhi city centre and in the middle of the Connaught Place, the largest financial, commercial and business centres in New Delhi. The Radisson Blu Marina Hotel is suitable for those who are in town for business meetings. The rate of the hotel starts from MYR 418 a night. Here, do expect to get one of the best services by their heavily trained, friendly staffs. The Radisson Blu Marina Hotel is also famous for its restaurant that serves wonderful dishes. Just like most hotels in one of the busiest districts in the country, the Radisson Blu Marina Hotel has several facilities to help with their guests’ stay. These facilities not limited to laundry services and concierge, they also have shuttles pick up at the train station, valet parking and car rental. The hotel offers not only Wi-Fi but also wired internet connections. These internet connections come with an extra charge.