Kolkata, Bengali Kalikata, formerly Calcutta, city, capital of West Bengal state, and former capital (1772–1911) of British India. It is one of India’s largest cities and one of its major ports. The city is centred on the east bank of the Hugli (Hooghly) River, once the main channel of the Ganges (Ganga) River, about 96 miles (154 km) upstream from the head of the Bay of Bengal; there the port city developed as a point of transhipment from water to land and from river to sea. A city of commerce, transport, and manufacture, Kolkata is the dominant urban centre of eastern India.
1. Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose International Airport
Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose International Airport (IATA: CCU, ICAO: VECC) is located in the Indian city of Kolkata, the capital of West Bengal state in India. CCU Airport is located about 17 km from Kolkata city centre. Kolkata’s was named Calcutta until 2001, and before, the CCU Airport’s name was Dum Dum Airport. The new name Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose International Airport is in honour of the Indian independence movement leader. Kolkata Airport is the 5th busiest airport in India and one of the two international airports operating in West Bengal, the other one located in Bagdogra.
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Kolkata has a subtropical climate with a seasonal regime of monsoons. It is warm year-round, with average high temperatures ranging from about 27 °C to 38 °C. The average annual rainfall is about 64 inches (1,625 mm). Most of this falls from June to September, the period of the monsoon. These months are very humid and sometimes sultry. During October and November, the rainfall dwindles. The winter months, from about the end of November to the end of February, are pleasant and rainless; fogs and mists occasionally reduce visibility in the early morning hours at this season, as also do thick blankets of smog in the evenings. The best time to visit Kolkata is during the warm period.
1. Victoria Memorial - It is another symbol of the British Raj in India, the Victoria Memorial is located in the heart of Kolkata, which was formerly known as Calcutta, in West Bengal, India. This white marbled beauty, which can rightly be called the epitome of grace and elegance, was built in memory of Queen Victoria to celebrate her 25 years of rule over India. Lord Curzon, the then Viceroy of India, undertook the task of putting up this magnificent monument for people to see and appreciate, and today the Victoria Memorial is counted as one of the best places to visit, not only in Kolkata but the entire country.
2. Fort William - The mighty edifice of Fort William is situated in the city of Kolkata, on the eastern bank of the Hooghly River. Built in the year 1696, the fort got its name from King William III and was the first stronghold of the British in the country. The magnificence of the building is aptly complemented by its expansive area, which is spread over 70.9 acres. The imposing structure of Fort William is embellished with hundreds of archlike windows and overlook lush green gardens. Meticulous stonework adorned the surface of the building and took as long as took ten years to reach completion. However, it was soon realised that the building had a few loopholes, and a new octagonal building was constructed whose foundation was laid by Sir Robert Clive.
3. Howrah Bridge - The iconic landmark of Kolkata, Howrah Bridge is a massive steel structure which is considered as one of the longest cantilever bridges of its type in the world. Also called as Rabindra Setu, it extends across the Hooghly River and connects Howrah and Kolkata. It is also regarded as one of the busiest ones among them as it carries daily traffic of over 100,000 vehicles and countless pedestrians. For those who wish to see the grandeur of the bridge, you are recommended an excellent ride in the ferry services between Kolkata and Howrah, offered from Launch Ghat. The view of the city from the ferry, especially in the night, is priceless.