Hachijojima is a volcanic Japanese island in the Philippine Sea which is part of the Izu archipelago and within the Fuji-Hakone-Izu National Park. It is about 287 kilometres (178 mi) south of the special wards of Tokyo. The town is divided into five areas: Mitsune, Nakanogo, Kashitate, Sueyoshi and Okago. The island has been inhabited since the Jomon period and was used as a place of exile during the Edo period. During World War II, the town was used for farming sugarcane and housing a secret submarine base. Currently, it is a tourist destination within Japan and tourists can reach this island by air and water transportations.
The island has a total population of 7,522 people as in March 2018. The locals used Hachijo language and considered as an endangered and rare language. Besides that, Hachijojima is home to numerous plants and animals. One of them is bioluminescent mushroom includes Mycena lux-Coeli and Mycena chlorophos. These are widely found and for decades were believed only to exist on the island. Besides that, there are pygmy date palm, aloe, freesia, hydrangeas and Japanese cherry. The animals can be found at the island are green sea turtles, whales and Hamatobiou which is a type of flying fish.
Hachijojima International Airport was an airfield established on the island of Hachijōjima in 1926 by the Imperial Japanese Navy. In 1955, Fujita Airlines operated the route between Hachijōjima and Haneda Airport in Tokyo.
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Hachijojima is best to go during the spring season (March until May) and summer season (June until August). During the spring season, humidity and temperatures combine to make this season feel moderate. The temperature ranges from 14.8°C to 22.7° C and this season is the busiest for tourism. The summer season has very comfortable weather with high temperatures and suitable for outdoor activities. Tourism is the slowest during fall and winter months due to the weather, and the hotels may be affordable during this time. Tourists are unlikely to visit Hachijo Jima Island in December. Those willing to visit at these times will likely find it the least expensive month.
1. Mount Hachijo-Fuji - Mount Hachijo-Fuji is known as Mount Nishi is the highest mountain on the island. Its shape resembles the famous Mount Fuji and has an altitude of 854 metres. This mountain is popular among hikers, and it takes around two hours and 1,280 steps to hike. The hiking journey is worth the time as visitors get to see a breathtaking panoramic view of the sea and the Kuroshio Current. Hikers are reminded to be prepared with essential items before starting the journey such as first aid, water, spare clothes and mosquito repellent.
2. Hachijojima Lighthouse - As Hachijojima Island is surrounded by sea, a lighthouse is necessary to give light and navigational aid to travellers at sea. This lighthouse has been an attraction for tourists and also filmmakers to find filming locations. Tokyo Metropolitan Government has listed the Hachijojima Lighthouse as a location that can be used for filming.
3. Uramigataki Hot Spring - Uramigataki Hot Spring is one of the most famous onsens in the area. It is a rotenburo (open-air bath) surrounded by the forest and with a view of a waterfall. The hot spring has different temperatures of the water bath, and it is regarded to heal the body. The waterfall’s name is Uramigataki, and people can walk behind it. Visitors are required to wear swimsuits beforehand as there is only one dressing room. The entrance is free of charge, and people with tattoos are also welcome. Visitors are discouraged from bringing any valuable objects because there are no lockers.