Yogyakarta is a city on the island of Java in Indonesia. As the only royal indonesian town still ruled by a monarchy, Yogyakarta is regarded as an important centre for classical Javanese fine arts and culture such as ballet, batik textiles, drama, literature, music, poetry, silversmithing, visual arts and wayang puppetry. Renowned as a centre of Indonesian education, Yogyakarta is home to a large student population and dozens of schools and universities, including Gadjah Mada University, the country's largest institute of higher education and one of its most prestigious.
This is the capital of the Yogyakarta Special Region and served as the Indonesian capital from 1946 to 1948 during the Indonesian National Revolution, with Gedung Agung as the president's office. One of the districts in southeastern Yogyakarta, Kotagede, was the capital of the Mataram Sultanate between 1587 and 1613. The city's population was 422,732 inhabitants at the 2017 census. Its built-up area was home to 4,010,436 inhabitants, which includes Magelang and 65 districts across Sleman, Klaten, Bantul, Kulon Progo, and Magelang regencies. Yogyakarta-Magelang and Surakarta are being agglomerated within several years.
Yogyakarta International Airport is an airport located at Temon district of Kulon Progo Regency, which will serve Yogyakarta Special Region, in Java, Indonesia. The airport is operated by Angkasa Pura I. The airport is set to support replace Adisutjipto International Airport of Yogyakarta, which is currently over capacity. The airport is commercially inaugurated on 6 May 2019 with the first arrival, a Citilink flight from Jakarta's Halim Perdanakusuma International Airport. As of April 2019, there are three stations that serve passengers to the airport via shuttle service which are the Tugu Station in Yogyakarta, Wates Station in Kulon Progo and Wojo Station in Purworejo. All these stations have exclusive, comfortable waiting room for the airport passengers and it is provided with an international standard toilet. The flight will take around 2 hours 20 minutes from SGD 500. You will depart from Singapore Changi Airport (SIN) and you will land at the Yogyakarta Airport (JOG). There are few airlines to choose from. Among them are Garuda Indonesia, Lion Airlines, Indonesia AirAsia and Singapore Airlines.
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If you’re looking for the very warmest time to visit Yogyakarta, the hottest months are October, September, and then May. See average monthly temperatures below. The warmest time of year is generally mid-October where highs are regularly around 94.4°F (34.7°C) with temperatures rarely dropping below 76.3°F (24.6°C) at night. If dry weather is what you're after, the months with the lowest chance of significant precipitation in Yogyakarta are August, July, and then September. The lowest chance of rain or snow occurs around early to mid-August. Yogyakarta has some very humid months, with other comfortably humid months. The least humid month is September (58% relative humidity), and the most humid month is February (78.1%). Wind in Yogyakarta is usually calm. The windiest month is August, followed by January and July. August's average wind speed of around 5.8 knots (6.7 MPH or 10.8 KPH) is considered "a light breeze." Maximum sustained winds (the highest speed for the day lasting more than a few moments) are at their highest in late January where average top sustained speeds reach 13.7 knots, which is considered a moderate breeze.
The busiest month for tourism in Yogyakarta, Indonesia in November, followed by January and May. Prices for hotels and flights will be most expensive during these months, though you can save if you purchase well in advance. Tourists are unlikely to visit Yogyakarta in July. Those willing to visit at these times will likely find it the least expensive month. Spring (September through November) daily highs range from 94.4°F (34.7°C) and 89.8°F (32.1°C), which will feel very nice given the humidity and wind. It rains or snows a significant amount: 3 to 10 days per month. Tourism is the busiest during these months due to the weather so that hotels may be higher priced. On the contrary, the middle-year months have very comfortable weather with high temperatures that are quite warm. These months see the least precipitation with 2 to 4 days of rainfall per month. June – August is the slowest season for tourism in Yogyakarta, so lodging and other accommodations may cost less than usual.
Catch Ramayana Ballet in April where it is performed at the place where the story was carved a thousand years ago: Prambanan Temple. This cultural performance has managed to combine the diversity of Javanese art in forms of dance, drama and music on one stage and at the same momentum to present Ramayana Story summed up in four stages: Sinta's abduction, Anoman's mission to Alengka, the death of Rahwana and a happy ending when Sinta and Rama meet up again. While in Yogyakarta, enjoy Ketoprak every Wednesday! Ketoprak is a traditional Javanese theater performance. Just like wayang orang, Ketoprak comes with a drama inserting a Javanese composition and gamelan music. The critical difference lies in its source of the story where it's not derived from Mahabharata or Ramayana, but it's derived from legend or other stories.
Yogyakarta is one of the most visited cities in the world. Many attractions can be found in Yogyakarta.
1. Jomblang Cave -Jomblang cave is famous for the streaming heavenly light that descends into the cave. The cave is said to have formed when a forest collapsed due to an earthquake, forming a 200-meter hole in the ground. Light penetrates directly over the cave's hole at approximately noon. To get to the hole, you'll be dropped through a rope and pulley system approximately 90 meters down. Best to book through a tour.
2. Taman Sari -A garden chateau with an elaborate series of swimming pools, this palace was built by the Portuguese (when they briefly resided in Java) as a gift for the wives of Sultan Hamengku Buwono I. The castle is built in an architectural style loved by Yogyakarta's ancient royalty and boasts not only a magnificent view but an eerie underground catacomb that's worth checking out!
3. Kraton Palace -Kraton of Yogyakarta is the city's palace complex and the main seat of the Sultan Yogyakarta and his family. It also serves as a cultural center with a museum for the Sultan's artifacts. More of a walled mini city than a palace, this massive compound is home to 25,000 people and has its own industries, schools and shops. Distinctive features to note the male and female dragon entrances, the European-influenced architecture, gifts from various European monarchs and sacred banyan trees.