Hiroshima Prefecture is located in the southwest of Japan. It has a rich topography with the islands and the clear waters of the Seto Inland Sea in the south and the impressive Chugoku Mountains to the north. Hiroshima prefecture can be roughly divided to the four areas - Aki in the southwest, Bingo in the southeast, Geihoku in the northwest, and Bihoku in the northeast. Each area has its own distinct local cultures, food and customs, making Hiroshima Prefecture a varied and exciting destination for visitors. Hiroshima was the first city targeted by a nuclear weapon, when the United States Army Air Forces dropped an atomic bomb on the city on August 6, 1945, near the end of World War II. Hiroshima Peace Memorial Park, which includes the Hiroshima Peace Memorial, draws many visitors from around the world, especially for the Hiroshima Peace Memorial Ceremony, an annual commemoration held on the date of the atomic bombing. The park also contains a large collection of monuments, including the Children's Peace Monument, the Hiroshima National Peace Memorial Hall for the Atomic Bomb Victims and many others.
Hiroshima Airport (IATA: HIJ, ICAO: RJOA) is an airport in the city of Mihara, Hiroshima Prefecture, Japan. Located 50 km east of Hiroshima, it is the largest airport in the Chūgoku region. Hiroshima has international connections to the following destinations: Beijing, Dalian, Guam, Seoul (Incheon), Shanghai Pudong and Taipei (Taiwan)
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Hiroshima is blessed by a generally warm climate and is relatively unscathed by natural disasters such as typhoons and earthquakes. Nevertheless, the difference in climate between the mountainous north and the southern coast is quite pronounced. In the north, the average temperature is 12C, and rainfall is 1,700mm, compared to 15C and 1,500mm in the south. The best time to visit Hiroshima will be during spring and autumn, a great time to explore its natural beauty!
1. Hiroshima Peace Memorial - The atrium of the then Hiroshima Prefectural Industrial Promotion Hall was almost directly below the hypocenter of the bomb. Although the building sustained heavy damage, it managed to escape destruction. It was the heartbreaking diary of a schoolgirl Hiroko Kajiyama that led to the decision to preserve the Atomic Bomb Dome in its current state. Hiroko had been exposed to the radiation from the bomb as an infant and subsequently died from leukaemia at the age of 16. The dome acts as a reminder of the force and untold suffering caused by the bomb while continuing to symbolise the fight to rid the world of nuclear weapons and bring about world peace.
2. The Peace Bell - This was installed with the aim of abolishing nuclear weapons and bringing about world peace. Cast by expert bell-caster and national treasure Masahiko Katori, a world map without national borders is on the surface of the bell to symbolise a single, unified world. People are free to strike the bell, so please take the opportunity to do so with a prayer for world peace.
3. Children's Peace Monument - This monument was built to commemorate Sadako Sasaki and the thousands of other innocent children who died due to the atomic bombing of Hiroshima. Sadako Sasaki was a young girl who was exposed to the radiation of the blast at the age of two and died ten years later from leukaemia. Sadako, who continued to fold paper cranes throughout her long illness, can be seen at the top of the monument holding a wire crane above her head. Even today, folded paper cranes symbolising the pursuit of peace arrive at the monument from all over the world.