Historically, Chinese settlers began digging and gathering guano for fertilising their vegetable patches. However, they became famous only after the limestone hills were recorded by colonial authorities including Daly and Syers as well as American Naturalist, William Hornaday in 1878.The limestone forming Batu Caves is said to be around 400 million years old and some of the cave entrances were used as shelters by the indigenous Temuan people which is a tribe of Orang Asli. The Batu Caves temple complex consists of three main caves and a few smaller ones. The biggest, referred to as Cathedral Cave or Temple Cave which has a very high ceiling and features ornate Hindu shrines.
Visitors need to climb a steep flight of 272 steps to reach them. Batu Caves has been the focal point of the annual Hindu festival of Thaipusam which attracts thousands of devotees and visitors. The procession usually begins on the evening before the Thaipusam Festival at the Sri Mariamman Temple in KL city centre. Besides that, at the base of the hill are two more cave temples which are Art Gallery Cave and Museum Cave full of Hindu statues and paintings. There are also various undeveloped caves which contain a diverse range of cave fauna including some unique species, such as Liphistiidae spiders and Eonycteris and fruit bats as well as macaques.
Batu Caves is accessible by car or taxi as it is situated beside the main highway of MRR2 in Batu Caves area. From Kuala Lumpur city centre, it takes around 19 minutes to Batu Caves via Kuching road.
There is also KTM Komuter train service from KL Sentral to Batu Caves.
The building was officially opened by the Prime Minister of Malaysia's Tun Dr. Mahathir bin Mohamad on 1 August 1999. The construction of the superstructure commenced on 1 April 1994 and the spires of Tower 1 and Tower 2 were completed on 1 March 1996 and the first batch of Petronas personnel moved into the building on 1 January 1997. The Petronas Towers were the tallest buildings in the world for six years until Taipei 101 was completed in 2004. Among the remarkable features of Petronas Twin Towers is Suria KLCC which is about 1,500,000 square feet shopping center at the feet of the Petronas Towers. It features mostly foreign luxury goods and high-street labels. Its attractions include an art gallery, a philharmonic theatre, an underwater aquarium and also a Science centre and below the building is the KLCC Park with jogging and walking paths, a fountain with incorporated light show and a children's playground.
Pavilion Kuala Lumpur was built on the former site of Bukit Bintang Girls' School which was the oldest school in Kuala Lumpur and was moved to Cheras as Sekolah Seri Bintang Utara in 2000. Opened on 20 September 2007, the development consists of a premiere shopping centre, 2 blocks of serviced apartments, office block and an upcoming 5-star hotel. Among the notable brands are include Givenchy, Prada, Cartier, Versace, Rolex and restaurants such as Serai and Madam Kwan. It is located a short walk away from either of Bukit Bintang MRT/Monorail station from the south or Raja Chulan Monorail station from the north. The centre is also linked to Kuala Lumpur Convention Centre and Suria KLCC.
KIP Hotel offers accommodation in Kuala Lumpur and located at nearest shopping mall and amazing landmarks. The rooms are equipped with a flat screen TV and the en suite bathroom comes with hot shower facilities. There are also a 24-hour front desk, laundry and ironing services as well as luggage storage. Besides that, the banquet and meeting room facilities are also available and accommodate at least 300 people. Guests of the hotel can enjoy on-site features like free Wi-Fi in all rooms, 24-hour security, convenience store, daily housekeeping, an infinity pool and fitness centre.