Madrid is the capital and largest city of Spain and widely known for its unique cultural and artistic heritage. It is located geographically at the northeast of the geographical centre of the Iberian Peninsula which is in the middle of the Spanish central Castillian plateau. The population of the city is approximately around 3.3 million with a metro area population of almost 6.5 million.
Madrid is best known for its numerous attractions such as El Prado Museum, Puerta del Sol, Plaza Mayor, Palacio Real, and Plaza de Colón. Madrid also boasts some of the liveliest nightlife in the world and the major streets in Madrid include the Gran Via, Alcala Street, and Paseo de la Castellana.
Located 13 kilometres from the city center, this airport is one of the largest airports in Europe and acts as a home base for Iberia Airlines. The airport consists of 4 terminals. Terminals 1, 2 and 3 are close together and serviced by the same metro station, while Terminal 4 is far from those and has its own metro and commuter train stations. Terminal 4 of the airport, additionally to the metro network, is also connected to the city by Cercanias commuter train.
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The warmest time of year is generally early August where highs are regularly around 94.2°F (34.6°C) with temperatures rarely dropping below 66.4°F (19.1°C) at night. Madrid has some humid months and dry months in the opposite season. The least humid month is July with 25.2% relative humidity, and the most humid month is December with 60.9% relative humidity. As for wind, the wind in Madrid is usually calm. The windiest month is February, followed by March and April.
The busiest month for tourism in Madrid, Spain is May, followed by February and March. Prices for hotels and flights will be most expensive during these months, though you can save if you purchase well in advance. Tourists are unlikely to visit Madrid in December. Those willing to visit at these times will likely find it the least expensive month.
Puerta del Sol - Located in the heart of Madrid, this plaza marks one of the busiest places in the city and a hub for the local transit system. It is also a favourite meeting spot for locals and the plaza acts as a venue for political demonstration and festivals.
Plaza Mayor - Known as the best plaza in Madrid, this impressive square is now one of the main stops on any tourist visit. Originally built outside the city walls, this enclosed square has played host to bullfights, markets, symphonies, tournaments and executions. The access to the square is via one of the many arcades which connect to the surrounding pedestrian streets.
Palacio Real - The Palacio Real or Royal Palace is an enormous palace which is one of the biggest in Europe. It acts as the official residence of the King of Spain, although the royal family does not reside here. The palace is generally used only for state ceremonies and considered to be one of the most emblematic and beautiful buildings in Madrid. There are both self-guided and guided available takes you up the grand stairway and through the lavishly decorated state rooms with their elegant tapestries, frescoes, porcelain, carvings and added decor like China, silverware and medals. Besides that, at the Farmacia (Pharmacy), the department contains hundreds of bottles of early medicines and a reconstructed laboratory, and the Real Armorial (Royal Armory), a two-story collection of medieval weapons and armor. Visitors must take note that photography inside the palace is not allowed.