Ankara, historically known as Ancyra and Angora the capital of Turkey. With a population of 4,587,560 in the urban centre (2014) and 5,150,073 in its province (2015), it is Turkey's second-biggest city after Istanbul (the ex-imperial capital), having outranked İzmir in the 20th century. Ankara includes an area of 24,522 km2 (9,468 sq mi). On 23 April 1920, the Grand National Assembly of Turkey was formed in Ankara, which became the headquarters of Atatürk and the Turkish National Movement during the Turkish War of Independence. Ankara became the new Turkish capital city upon the establishment of the Republic on 29 October 1923, replacing in this role the former Turkish capital Istanbul (Constantinople) following the fall of the Ottoman Empire.
Ankara Esenboğa Airport is the international airport of Ankara, the capital city of Turkey. It has been operational since 1955. In 2017, the airport served up to 15 million passengers in total, 13 million of which were domestic passengers. It rated 4th in terms of total passenger traffic (after Ataturk Airport, Antalya Airport and Sabiha Gökçen Airport), 3rd in terms of domestic passenger traffic (after Ataturk Airport and Sabiha Gökçen Airport) among airports in Turkey. The airport is situated northeast of Ankara, 28.1 km (17 mi) from the city centre. The airport relates to Kızılay (the city centre) and Ankara Intercity Bus Terminal. There are many flights available from Changi International Airport to Ankara Esenboğa Airport daily.
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From the month of June-September is the best time to visit Ankara. This is the highest tourist season because the days are pleasant and warm, and the sun shines sunny. Winter seasons starts from months of November-February gets very cold and the temperature often goes below -14 degrees Celsius, especially the month of December and January.
Museum of Anatolian Civilizations - The Museum of Anatolian Civilizations is situated on the south side of Ankara Castle in the Atpazarı area in Ankara, Turkey. It contains the old Ottoman Mahmut Paşa bazaar storing building, and the Kurşunlu Han. Because of Atatürk's want to establish a Hittite museum, the buildings were purchased upon the suggestion of Hamit Zübeyir Koşay, who was then Culture Minister, to the National Education Minister, Saffet Arıkan.
Anıtkabir - Anıtkabir is the tomb of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, the head of the Turkish War of Independence and the founder and first President of the Republic of Turkey. It is in Ankara and was created by architects Professor Emin Onat and Assistant Professor Ahmet Orhan Arda, whose plan beat 48 other entries from numerous countries in a contest held by the Turkish Government in 1941 for a "monumental tomb" for Atatürk.
Atakule - Atakule is a 125 m high communications and observation tower situated in the Çankaya district of central Ankara, Turkey, and is one of the main landmarks of the city. As the locality of Çankaya is itself on a hill, the tower can be seen from almost anywhere in the city during clear days.