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India or also known formally as the Republic of India is a country located in South Asia region. It is the seventh-largest country by area, the second-most populous country with over 1.2 billion people, and the most populous democracy in the world. The country is bounded by the Indian Ocean on the south, the Arabian Sea on the southwest, and the Bay of Bengal on the southeast; it shares land borders with Pakistan to the west; China, Nepal, and Bhutan to the northeast; and Bangladesh and Myanmar to the east.
The whole Indian subcontinent was once home to the urban Indus Valley Civilization that existed somewhat around 3rd millennium BCE. The following millennials would bear witness to the oldest Hinduism scriptures to be composed, as well as the rise of Buddhism and Jainism and the emergence of social stratification based on caste. Early political consolidations took place under the Maurya and Gupta empires; the later peninsular Middle Kingdoms influenced cultures as far as Southeast Asia. In the medieval era, Judaism, Zoroastrianism, Christianity, and Islam arrived, and Sikhism emerged, all adding to the region's diverse culture. Much of the northern part of the subcontinent fell to the Delhi Sultanate the south was united under the Vijayanagara Empire. The economy expanded in the 17th century in the Mughal Empire. In the mid-18th century, the subcontinent came under British East India Company rule, and in the mid-19th under British crown rule. A nationalist movement emerged in the late 19th century, which later, under Mahatma Gandhi, was noted for nonviolent resistance and led to India's independence in 1947. In the present, India is the world’s six largest economy and the third largest by purchasing power parity, aside from being one of the fastest growing major economies and a newly industrialized country. India is also well known as a tourist destination for its rich and diverse history and culture, as well as the beautiful natural attractions. Apart from that, India is also famous for shopping activities for goods at very low prices.
The Indian climate is strongly influenced by the Himalayas and the Thar Desert, both of which drive the economically and culturally pivotal summer and winter monsoons. The Himalayas prevent cold Central Asian katabatic winds from blowing in, keeping the bulk of the Indian subcontinent warmer than most locations at similar latitudes. Four major climatic groupings predominate in India, namely the tropical wet, tropical dry, subtropical humid, and montane. In terms of language, India is home to two major language families of Indo-Aryan and Dravidian, while other languages spoken in India come from the Austroasiatic and Sino-Tibetan language families. Due to this diversity, India has no national language, yet Hindi, with the largest number of speakers, is the official language of the government. English is used extensively and significantly in business, education and administration and has the status of a "subsidiary official language".
For those of you who want to visit India, you can board a plane from Kuala Lumpur and head on to Indira Gandhi International Airport (IATA: DEL). It is located at Palam which is about 16 kilometres away from the New Delhi city centre. Named after a former Prime Minister of India, it is the busiest airport in terms of passenger and cargo traffic. Due to its sheer size, there are also several other international airports in India, such as Chattarpati Shivaji International Airport in Mumbai, Kempegowda International Airport in Bengaluru, Chennai International Airport in Chennai and many more.
To move around India is an interesting ordeal in itself and may appear appealing for adventurers. Due to its vast land, some regions may only be accessible by flight, others by train. End-to-end trips are still best taken by taxis, buses, cars and motorcycles. When all else fails, hitchhiking works too, since it is common to do so due to the enormous number of cargo trucks.
As one of the world's most renowned tourist destinations, India offers many interesting tourist attractions, whether for mesmerizing architecture, rich cultural art and history as well as the wonderful nature.
It feels incomplete to go to India and not to visit Taj Mahal at all. An ivory-white marble mausoleum located on the south bank of the Yamuna river in the town of Agra, it was commissioned by the Mughal emperor, Shah Jahan in 1632 to house the tomb of Mumtaz Mahal, his beloved wife. The 17-hectare complex includes the tomb at the centre alongside a mosque and a guest house. It was declared as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1983 for being “the jewel of Muslim art in India and one of the universally admired masterpieces of the world's heritage”. Nearby, there is the Agra Fort which was built by Emperor Akbar in 1565. This place is ideal to be visited on your honeymoon trip.
Ganges River is a trans-boundary river that flows through the nations of India and Bangladesh. It is considered as one of the important rivers to the Hindus as it is worshipped as the goddess Ganga and is the lifeline of millions of Indians living along its course. Nearby the river is the Vanarasi, a city stretching along the riverbank with an abundance of art, music and culture which is certainly worthy of visiting.
Red Fort is a historic fort in the city of Delhi which has been the main residence of the Mughal emperors of the Mughal dynasty for nearly 200 years. It was built in 1639 by the fifth Mughal Emperor of Shah Jahan as a palace for his fortified capital of Shahjahanabad. Located in the centre of Delhi, it was the ceremonial and political centre of the Mughal state which houses a lot of museums. It was also designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2007 as part of the Red Fort Complex.
Biryani is a mixed rice dish filled with marinated meat, spices, and saffron that differs slightly based on the region of India it comes from. Mutton and chicken are commonly used as meats, and spices can range from nutmeg to cardamom to coriander, while eggs are added at times. With its origins from the Muslims of the Indian subcontinent, it remains a popular dish throughout the subcontinent and its diaspora. There are a lot of varieties of biryani that can be tried during the trip in India, among them such as kacchi biryani, beef biryani and Delhi biryani which can be found nearby Chandni Chowk shopping district. It best to be enjoyed with friends and family.
Idli is a meal originated from south India which is a must-have during breakfast. In short, it is a steamed, savoury cake made of rice batter mixed and fermented black lentils. The round discs are served warm with sides of sambar and chutney for dipping. They are still a common breakfast food in southern India, but now can be easily found all over the country.
Paneer is the cheese that is used all throughout Indian cuisine. The ways in which it can be prepared are endless, but deep fried and marinated are popular variations. It has an acid-set form known as chhena, in which both would typically be used in various dishes such as sandesh, chena murki, Mattar paneer, Shahi paneer, Paneer tikka masala, rasgulla and many more. It is so popular that paneer-based food is also offered by the fast food restaurants operating in India, such as McDonald’s serving McSpicy Paneer and Paneer Wrap.
Namgyal Monastery is the home of Tibetan spiritual leader of Dalai Lama and the largest Tibetan temple that can be found outside of Tibet. It was founded in the 16th century by the second Dalai Lama and established for the Namgyal monks to assist the Dalai Lama in public religious affairs. The monastery currently houses around 200 monks who help preserve the monastery's ancient rituals, artistic skills and traditions. Namgyal Monastery also has Namgyal Monastery Institute of Buddhist Studies which includes in its curriculum, the modern studies of both Tibetan and English language, the study of Sutra and Tantra texts, Buddhist Philosophy, making butter sculptures, torma offerings, sand mandalas, playing various ritual musical instruments, ritual chanting, and dances. What is more interesting is the surrounding ambience with the mountains in the background that is really calming.
Jim Corbett National Park
Jim Corbett National Park is the oldest national park in India, being established in 1936 as Hailey National Park to help protect the endangered Bengal tiger. Located at the Nainital district of Uttarakhand, it gets its current name from Jim Corbett who played an important role in its establishment. This park has unique sub-Himalayan belt geographical and ecological characteristics, with 488 different species of plants and diverse varieties of fauna.
Golden Temple or also known as “Daihar Sahib” or “Harmandar Sahib” is one of the oldest worship places for the Indian Sikhs, is located in Amritsar, Punjab. The entire top of the temple is made of gold, in which this gold coating was only added during the reign of Maharaja Ranjit Singh, the ruler of Punjab in the early 19th century. In addition to that, it is surrounded by a man-made lake with a lot of exotic fishes known as “Amrit Sarovar”.
With the flight and ticket package available at Traveloka Malaysia, you can visit India more easily and cheaper. Choose a variety of tour packages that we offer, and modify as you like to get the combination you want.
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