Cairns is a city located in the Cairns Region, Queensland, Australia and is located in the east coast of the north of Queensland. The city is also the 5th most populated city in Queensland and 14th most populated area in Australia. It was first founded in 1876 and was named after William Wellington Cairns who was the Governor of Queensland from 1875 to 1877. The city was an early settlement to miners that were heading for the Hodgkinson River where they would mine for gold. It later further developed into a railhead and as a major port for exporting sugarcane, gold and other metals as well as minerals and agriculture products that came from surrounding coastal areas. It becomes a popular tourist destination because of the tropical climate influenced by the city's location in the north of the country.
Cairns International Airport is located only 7km away from the city of Cairns and the airport consists of both domestic and international terminals. The hub handles international flights as well as domestic flights to all major Australian cities, tourist destinations and regional destinations throughout North Queensland. The airport is the 7th busiest airport in Australia with 18 direct international flights and 30 domestic routes, handling over 4.1 million passengers annually.
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Cairns experiences a tropical climate, specifically a tropical monsoon climate with a distinct wet season that consists of heavy monsoonal downpours that starts in November and lasts until May. It is then followed by a dry season from June to October with occasional light rains. Cairns has a hot and humid summer with mild temperatures in winter. Monsoonal activity during the wet season occasionally causes major flooding of the Barron and Mulgrave Rivers, cutting off road and rail access to the city. Hence, the best time to visit the city is during its winter season from June to early October. Snow is rare, although the lowest average temperature recorded was 17.1°C.
Daintree Rainforest - The World Heritage-listed Daintree Rainforest is about a two-hour drive to the north of Cairns and can be visited on a day trip from the city or over two days. You can opt to stay overnight in one of its wilderness lodges. The tropical rainforest is home to the most diverse range of plants and animals on earth, including the rare tree-dwelling kangaroo and the endangered cassowary. Start your day at the Daintree Discovery Centre where you can walk along the 125 metre long Aerial Walkway through the mid-level rainforest or take a self-guided rainforest tour. Join a gentle cruise down the Daintree River to spot wildlife in its natural habitat, including saltwater crocodiles. On foot, you'll find that rainforest meets reef at Cape Tribulation, where you can easily lose hours walking through tropical lowland forest or along stretches of white sand.
Island Hopping - Discover some of the reef's unspoiled islands from Cairns. Jump on the 45-minute high-speed ferry to reach picturesque Fitzroy Island. Here, you can explore rainforest walking tracks, snorkel straight off the beach at Welcome Bay and Nudey Beach and see the beauty of the Great Barrier Reef by sea kayaks. Book a day tour to Green Island, a coral cay surrounded by sugar-white beaches and sapphire waters, just 30 km off the Cairns shore. Go off the grid at Hinchinbrook Island, Australia's largest national park island, and discover a landscape of mangrove forests, isolated beaches and sheltered bays. For a truly exclusive experience, book accommodation at reef-fringed Bedarra or Lizard islands.
Great Barrier Reef - The Great Barrier Reef is a must –visit attraction if you traveled to the city of Cairns. It is the world's most extensive coral reef system that is made up of 3,000 coral reefs, 600 continental islands and 300 coral cays. You can book a day's cruise with operators that can be found over the internet if you are interested in fun water activities such as snorkeling and diving amongst the colorful reefs and fishes. Operators such as Dreamtime Diver & Snorkel also combines a full-day in the Great Barrier Reef to cruise with an indigenous local to amuse you with their local tales and historical facts. The cruise offers a rare educational opportunity to explore the reef with sea rangers whose north Queensland sea country stretches from the Frankland Islands to Port Douglas.